3-D Scaled Physical Modelling
SRC houses two state-of-the-art physical model laboratories to study a variety of hybrid thermal-solvent (TSVX) based and solvent-based (SVX) enhanced oil recovery processes. Using the largest known physical modelling apparatus in the world, these studies are intended to provide a clearer understanding of rate controlling mechanisms for the purpose of accelerating the development, deployment and optimization of these processes for the heavy oil and oil sands industries.
The hybrid TSVX physical model is an improved and more capable version of the SVX as it can operate at higher temperatures, which enables researchers at SRC to evaluate and develop the full spectrum for steam-solvent processes.
History matching of the experimental runs using advanced algorithms provides for the calibration of numerical simulators predicting field-scale performance. Coupled with comprehensive economic models, both the technical and the economic viability can be determined for a particular TSVX or SVX process.
The physical model apparatus consists of the overburden pressure vessel (OBV) system rated for 10.5 MPa, working pressure at 10 to 60 C for SVX and 10 to 250 C for TSVX processes. The OBV can operate in both the horizontal and vertical positions, and can accommodate large physical models with a vertical reservoir thickness of up to 2.5 metres, pore volumes between 80 and 150 litres for SVX and 80 and 180 litres for TSVX that contain either vertical or horizontal wells and any type of porous media, and can accommodate the injection of any combination of liquids and/or gases.
We offer analytical tests and property determinations required for 3-D physical and numerical modelling of TSVX and SVX processes:
- Equation of state (EOS) determinations to generate steam-solvent-temperature diagrams
- Special pressure, volume, temperature (PVT) analysis to determine oil viscosity, density and vapour-liquid equilibrium (VLE), TSVX - pseudorelative permeability determinations